ASCP Skin Deep

JANUARY | FEBRUARY 2017

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www.ascpskincare.com 37 Winter Woes Effective ingredients and techniques for dry skin by Mark Lees expertadvice SKIN SOLUTIONS Clients often complain about dry skin, especially in the cold winter months. Dry skin can result in flaky, rough surface texture, and a feeling of tightness and even itchiness. If left untreated, dry skin can become inflamed and lead to redness and discomfort. Dry skin does not directly cause wrinkling or poor elasticity, but it can definitely make these aging symptoms look worse. TWO TYPES OF DRY SKIN When most clients complain about dry skin, they are referring to skin dehydration, the most frequent type of dry skin. It is often caused by unprotected exposure to cold weather, low humidity, indoor heat, or lack of proper skin care. Skin that is dehydrated often presents as a flaking, tight, crinkly surface, with the client reporting discomfort. Dehydrated skin lacks water in the surface cells. It is often also lacking lipids in the epidermal matrix—the lipid complex between epidermal cells that holds water in the skin and prevents water loss from cells to the dry environment. This is often referred to as impaired barrier function. Overly aggressive cleansers, solvent ingredients that dissolve surface sebum, and overuse of exfoliating treatments or products can also cause or worsen dehydration by removing too much protective lipid. It can also be related to lack of water intake and some medications or medical conditions such as autoimmune diseases, diabetes, hormonal imbalances, and thyroid conditions.

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