ASCP Skin Deep

July | August 2019

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91 july/august 2019 A CBD Glossary 1 CBD products have generated a whole new lexicon of terms that can be confusing or downright misleading. How can you evaluate a product or protocol to know whether it is a good fit for you and your business? First, you have to know the lingo. Remember there are currently no industry standards for the labeling of CBD products. All CBD is derived from the hemp plant. The more processed the hemp plant is prior to packaging, the more likely the concentration of effective ingredients—and the higher the price will be. You don't have to be a chemistry or botanical whiz to master these basic terms. Cannabis sativa L.: The Latin name of the plant that produces hemp. Cannabidiol (CBD): One of the primary cannabinoids found in cannabis. CBD is not associated with any psychoactive effects. Certificate of Analysis (COA): A certificate or report provided by a testing facility as verification that certain tests were performed, as well as their results. These reports often contain potency tests, heavy metals tests, solvent tests, and/or terpene tests. Decarboxylated: This is the use of heat to convert CBD-A to CBD. This process is important for getting the best effect from the hemp plant. After the process is complete, the CBD can be used within the body. Filtered or Distilled: Two processes used to remove chlorophyll, fatty acids, and other compounds from CBD oil, resulting in a higher concentration of CBD. This also results in a higher priced but potentially more effective product. Full Spectrum: Cannabis products that contain CBD but also other compounds found naturally occurring in the plant, including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids. Broad spectrum CBD is a bit of a mix between full spectrum CBD and CBD isolate. Hemp: Any cannabis plant containing less than 0.3 percent THC. Sometimes called industrial hemp. Isolate: This product contains CBD that is refined until it is a pure product with no other plant compounds. While you might think this is the most effective type of product, those other plant compounds may add additional benefits. Marijuana: Any cannabis plant containing more than 0.3 percent THC. Raw: This simply means that no heat or chemicals have been used for extraction or packaging. This form of CBD product is sometimes touted as the most "natural," but also contains a lot of plant compounds, including chlorophyll, vitamins, and terpenes. Terpenes: Oils found in all plants that give the plant scent, flavor, and additional benefits. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): One of the primary cannabinoids found in cannabis. It is associated with psychoactive effects. Note 1. Suzi's Lavender, "13 CBD Names You Should Know," accessed May 2019, www.suzislavender. com/blogs/news/13-cbd-terms- you-should-know-glossary; cbdoilusers.com, "CBD Glossary of Terms for Beginners," accessed May 2019, www.cbdoilusers.com/ cbd-oil-glossary.

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